The conflict in Ukraine has led to a significant disruption at the Polish-Ukrainian border, where approximately 3,000 trucks are stuck in a blockade initiated by Polish truckers. Now in its second week, the protest is against the perceived decrease in business opportunities due to competition from mainly Ukrainian truck drivers and increased criminal activity since the war began in February 2022.
The impact of the blockade is considerable, with a queue of trucks extending over 30 kilometers at one border crossing. This situation has led to significant humanitarian concerns and potential economic consequences, as the usual flow of 40,000 to 50,000 trucks per month has been reduced dramatically.
The Polish truckers are protesting not just for logistical reasons but also to highlight their struggles. They are demanding government intervention against what they see as unfair competition, a consequence of the EU’s liberal transport policies towards Ukraine. This issue raises broader questions about sovereignty and the right to protect economic interests, especially as Poland is a significant ally of Kyiv in the war.
The blockade is affecting Ukraine’s exports, with a noticeable decrease in road food shipments and a reduction in daily cargo through customs. This underscores the importance of Polish transport routes in European trade.
European Commission spokesperson told RMF24 that the "Polish authorities, under EU law, are obliged to ensure the free movement of Ukrainian trucks at border crossings."
Polish truckers started blocking three border crossing points on Nov. 6.https://t.co/9EmplPwa4g
— PontiusTrilatus 🇩🇪 (@trilatus) November 16, 2023
The European Commission has called on Poland to ensure the free movement of trucks, coining the term “Solidarity Lanes” to emphasize the need to keep trade routes open for Ukraine. However, the EU’s decision to liberalize transport rules for Ukrainian trucks until June 2024 is a key point of contention for the Polish truckers, who view this as a direct threat to their livelihoods.
Central to the protest is the demand to reintroduce transport permits for Ukrainian truckers, which would restrict the number of non-EU drivers in the bloc, a move aimed at protecting the Polish trucking industry.
Previously, Polish farmers protested against Ukrainian agricultural imports, and now the truckers’ blockade reflects a similar concern for safeguarding domestic industries.
As negotiations between Poland and Ukraine stall, the border blockade symbolizes resistance and the Polish truckers’ determination to protect their economic interests. The Polish government is now challenged with balancing its support for Ukraine while addressing the concerns of its truckers.